A.G. Richardson – Crown Ducal Ware

4511 Manchu Handled Vase

It is Charlotte’s work for Richardson’s that tends to come up the most often for sale today, which highlights the fact that it was the ‘busiest’ factory that she worked for. It is felt that their increased output at the time was directly related to her joining them, as she had established herself as one of the big names in pottery design by this stage of her career. The good thing for modern collectors is that there are plenty of items out there (in contrast to Burleigh Ware items), so prices for the most common pieces are low and they are a great starting point for building a collection – (on that point, you should note that many of the more widely produced lines didn’t have Charlotte’s facsimile signature on the base, but you shouldn’t be put off by that. As long as you can recognise an item by its pattern number and/or design, you can be sure it is a genuine piece).

The Bernard Bumpus books provides a pretty comprehensive list of pattern numbers, however full descriptions are not always available and it is complicated further in that a number of patterns were produced in various colourways, and some of those even kept the same pattern number! All numbers were four digits, as shown below.

Pattern number:

  • ???? Primula  No number exists for this pattern. It features yellow primroses on a pale green ground.
  • 2607 – Orange & yellow flowers with spiky petals and smaller, blue flowers with red centres.
  • 2681 Byzantine – Similar to 2607, but designed with a border. Several colour versions can be found.
  • 2682 – Lotus leaves in brown, with a zigzag band of spiky leaves.
  • 2691 Turin – Green overlapping lotus leaves with a blue border, (some versions exist with reduced colours).
  • 2800 Aztec – Geometric blocks in red & black on an orange ground.
  • 2801 – Similar to 2681 Byzantine, but with pinkish and purple flowers. Referred to in places as being called ‘Danube’.
  • Tube lined Tableware – an extensive array of everyday ware designed by Charlotte Rhead for Crown Ducal. I haven’t included the pattern numbers on this page as they are often considered separate from Charlotte’s more well-known work, but excellent detailed information can be found here.
  • 3052 Persino – Similar to 2681 Byzantine, but with a bright green glaze.
  • Nursery Ware – a further separate range designed by Charlotte, although not marked with her name. Click here for details.

The following patterns (3169 to 3259 inclusive) were produced for the American market and were used on functional items such as large bowls, chargers, teapots etc:

  • 3169 – Central tree design tubed in black & orange with a dashed edge.
  • 3170 – A dragon design tubed in black & orange. A similar version re-appears on 4511 Manchu.
  • 3191 Galleon – A large sailing ship tubed in blue on a white ground. Inspired perhaps by the Burleighware pattern 4118.
  • 3205 – Running laurel leaf border tubed in blue with blue spots.
  • 3218 Blossom – Central spray of flowers tubed in two shades of blue with a blue running laurel leaf border.
  • 3257 & 3257B – Identical to 3218, with a slightly different border pattern.
  • 3258 Blossom – Similar to 3218, but tubed in orange & black.
  • 3259 – Central tree design tubed in orange and black, almost identical to 3169.

 

  • 3272 Rhodian – Large flower heads tube-lined in red, orange, black, gold and yellow with uncoloured leaves. Later versions had grey (or silverish) leaves.
  • 3274 Stitch – Stripes of orange, red and black, going vertically but of differing length, on a mottled ground. Very popular at the time and common now!
  • 3321 Granada – Red pomegranates with blue leaves. Enamelled in various colours and lustred. Alternative colour schemes also exist.
  • 3636 Padua – Similar to 2691 Turin in design, but with orange and brown colours.
  • 3637 Padua – As with 2691, but with black, red and orange colours with a mottled grey glaze.
  • 3639 Byzantine – Similar to 2681, but flowers in pink, green & mauve and green leaves.
  • 3727 – Blue trailing leaf design on a blue mottled ground with thin gold bands.
  • 3728 – Painted variation of 3727, with pink leaves on a gold stem with wide bands of pink and thin gold bands.
  • 3729 Azalia – Tube-lined in blue with a grey glaze – similar to 4016.
  • 3797 Hydrangea – Pink & mauve flowers on brown leafy stems with a brown mottled glaze.
  • 4015 Patch – A follow on from 3274 Stitch; patches with a ‘stitch’ effect border, enamelled in lemon, yellow and green, on a grey mottled glaze.
  • 4016 Blue Peony – Stylised peony flowers, tube-lined in blue, with blue leaves on a grey mottled ground. Examples also exist with pink leaves.
  • 4017 Patch – Similar to 4015, but tubed in black stitch rather than blue and enamelled in red, black & orange.
  • 4036 Omar – A Persian male figure sitting under a tree with a tube-lined inscription. Edged with blue & red dots with a green line.
  • 4038 Omar – As above, but with a blue & green dot edge and a blue glaze.
  • 4040 Persian Rose – Stylised rose heads with a double row of petals and cross-hatched centres. Enamelled in pink, orange, red & blue with green leaves. Initial versions had a yellow edge – later ones had a green border. Other variations were produced, although they are known as ‘Tudor Rose’ (4300, 4318, 4479, 4491 & 5393).
  • 4050 – Similar to 3727 but with green and orange colours.
  • 4088 Patch – A variation of 4015 and 4018, but with a lustred finish on primrose, green, black & orange coloured patches.
  • 4098 – Variation of 3260 Florentine, tubed in black with orange & blue enamelling.
  • 4100 Commas / Orange Chain – Bands of a chain like series of shapes, lustred alternately in orange and black. Additional colour schemes can be seen on 4298 & 4968.
  • 4298 Commas / Green Chain – As above, but in green and silver. Alternative colourways exist.
  • 4300 Tudor Rose – Similar to 4040, but with blue & mauve flowers on a snow glaze ground.
  • 4318 Tudor Rose – As above, but with orange and yellow flowers on a snow glaze ground. Versions with unpainted leaves also exist.
  • 4479 Tudor Rose – As for the above, but with the inner petals in orange and the outer petals in off-white. The leaves are light and dark browns.
  • 4491 Tudor Rose – As the above, however with orange and light brown flowers and leaves in two shades of brown.
  • 4511 Manchu – A Chinese dragon, in green with brown hair & tail, finished in gold. On a green ground. The original version, decorated by Charlotte herself, was in plain brown.
  • 4516 – Lion rampant surrounded by stylised flower heads and clover leaf like forms. Border of red and black geometric shapes.
  • 4517 Blossom – Spray of flowers similar to 3258, tube-lined in blue with leaves and stems also in blue, on a snow glazed ground.
  • 4519 – Stylised snowdrop flowers in red, orange, yellow & blue, with green stems and leaves.
  • 4521 Blue Posy – Sprays of flower heads in blues, pink, purple, green & orange, with green stems. Blue bands with blue stitching.
  • 4528 – Similar to 4521, but with yellow, orange & black flowers and no stitch pattern.
  • 4529 – As for 4521, with flowers in red, orange & black. Brown lustre band, orange lustre centre and no stitch.
  • 4530 – As for 4529, but with and orange lustre band.
  • 4531 – As for 4530, but with a brown lustre.
  • 4536 – Stylised lily buds, tubed in brown with orange, yellow & green enamelling on a snow glaze.
  • 4536A – As above, but enamelled in greens and different shads of orange and yellow.
  • 4536B – As for 4536, but in blue, green, pink, yellow & puce.
  • 4538 Blossom –  Identical to 4517, but examples exist with this pattern number too.
  • 4619 – Similar to 4521 but without the blue stitching.
  • 4724 Coronation Ware – Chequer pattern of orange & white squares (the white one with black central dots), with the Royal Cypher. Produced to mark the coronation of Edward VIII in 1937. Other versions were then made for George VI after his brother’s abdication.
  • 4725 Coronation Ware – As above, but with blue & white squares, with red dots in the white sections.
  • 4726 Coronation Ware – As for 4724, but with purple squares and blue dots.
  • 4729 Coronation Ware – As for 4724, but on a green ground.
  • 4794 Blue Tulips – Stylised blue closed tulip heads in bands, with central lotus leaves. Tubed in blue and enamelled in pink, purple, blue & green. Finished in gold and bronze, on a blue ground.
  • 4795 Spanish Tree – Stylised brown tree with spiky leaves lustred in red & orange. Brown leaves and band below the tree on a yellow glaze.
  • 4825 Spanish Tree – Variation to 4795 with a green band and green leaves.
  • 4903 – A variation of the Stitch & Patch patterns, with green, blue & red geometric shaped patches.
  • 4921 Golden Leaves – Leaves and flowers in orange & brown, with some falling from their stems. Off white ground. Very common.
  • 4922 Florian – Band of green stylised leaf forms with flower heads in red. Tubed in brown on a mottled green glaze. A snow glazed version also exists.
  • 4923 – Band of chain like patterns in silver & brown, alternating with square panels containing a small stylised leaf motif. Thin red and thick brown bands on a light brown ground.
  • 4924 Carnation – Stylised carnations in light blue with red and gold centres. Snow glaze. Alternative colourways also exist.
  • 4925 Arabian Scroll – A band of alternating green, red and plain scroll forms, with blue & orange bands on an off-green glaze.
  • 4926 Arabian Scroll – As for 4925, but with black & orange, Black & red or red & green lustre scrolls. Alternative colourways exist.
  • 4953 Foxglove – Foxgloves tubed in blue, with pink, purple, blue & green flowers on a snow glazed ground.
  • 4954 Wisteria – Hanging wisteria flowers in pink, blue, orange and purple with brown stems on a snow glaze.
  • 4956 – A painted pattern on a snow glaze ground; gilt swirls within a black trellis border, with gilt finish.
  • 4957 Arabian Scroll – As for 4925, but with green and red scrolls only.
  • 4958 Florian – Similar to 4922, but tubed in blue and with pink centred flowers. Finished in gold with a snow glaze.
  • 4968 – Interlocking bronze comma shapes, with the spaces in between being enamelled in red & black. Brown band with red lines enclosing red crosses.
  • 5049 Florian – Similar to 4922, but tubed in brown with blue centred flowers and green leaves. Off green mottled glaze.
  • 5332 – Spray of four oval shaped fruits in red & yellow, with green leaves. Gold & green mottled glaze.
  • 5391 Persian Leaf – Blue & purple spiky leaves with trailing stems in a band, with circular fruits in pink & orange. Trellis structure on a mottled grey glaze. Examples on a blue ground also exist.
  • 5393 Tudor Rose – Variation of 4040 and the various Tudor Rose patterns; a snow glaze ground with black & white flowers.
  • 5411 Caliph – Flower heads in pink, blue, red & orange with green leaves on a grey mottled glaze.
  • 5623 Tarragona – Similar to 5391, but with orange and yellow leaves in bronze lustred bands.
  • 5627 Tarragona – As for 5623, but with orange & yellow leaves in green bands.
  • 5802 Fruit Border – A band of lustred orange & yellow fruits within a zig-zag border. Finished in bronze and tubed in grey on a light brown glaze. Alternative colour variations exist.
  • 5803 Palermo – Flower heads in red & purple between trailing stems and brown leaves. A variation with the same pattern number has dark pink flowers with pink & brown leaves.
  • 5982 Circular Fruits – Fruits lustred in orange & brown. Versions exist with green & yellow fruits. Mottled brown glaze.
  • 5983 Ankara – Exotic flowers with spiky leaves, enamelled in primrose, orange, green, blue & bronze. Off white ground. Different colour variations exist.
  • 6016 Trellis – Rustic trellis with flowers and plants enamelled in pink, yellow, green, emerald, blue & purple on a mottled brown ground. Banded in green.
  • 6017 Trellis – Similar to 6016, but finished in yellow.
  • 6189 Mexican – Four-petalled flowers tubed in brown with red, orange, black, green, blue & purple.
  • 6198 Basket – Basket in a chequer pattern containing stylised flower heads in red, orange & blue. The basket is lustred in black, brown & bronze.
  • 6353 Fruits & Leaves – Apples lustred in orange, primrose & green on brown leafy branches. Mottled off-white glaze.

 

Some more images of the above patterns can be viewed here