Tag Archives: Burleighware

Unique Rhead Burleighware?

Adolphine Rhead Unidentified Burgess & Leigh PatternWell – my previous blog asked the (slightly rhetorical) question, ‘Where is the Burleighware?’. Remarkably, something intriguing has recently come to light on this subject. I have just received some photos of a possibly unique pattern, produced at Burgess & Leigh in the late 1920s. There doesn’t appear to be any reference to it in the Bumpus books, and certainly no pattern number, but the design is unmistakably Rhead in style. It’s almost possible, in fact, to create a tick-list of Rhead motifs: clouds, birds, pomegranates, geometric borders, leaves and branches etc etc………

Perhaps even more interestingly, it appears that the pattern is not one of Charlotte’s, or even her father’s, but was actually produced by her youngest sister, Adolphine (or Dollie) Rhead. Whilst this can’t be confirmed with absolute accuracy, I think it is very likely, given that it has emerged from a collection known to have belonged to Dollie’s nephew. Additionally, the jar in the photo above has a signature on the base which is almost identical to the ‘L Rhead’ facsimile signature used by Charlotte on Burleighware, but it shows an ‘A’ instead of an ‘L’. Another piece with the same pattern also has a date of 1928 on it, which coincides nicely with the period Dollie is known to have ‘sat in’ for Charlotte at B & L, whilst Charlotte took an extended holiday to America to visit her brothers.

Adolphine 'Dollie' Rhead
Dollie Rhead

Bernard Bumpus gives the impression that whilst Dollie was a very competent tube-liner and decorator in her own right, he doesn’t mention that she may have actually designed as well. She had the same apprenticeship as Charlotte and was certainly proficient enough to cover for her older sister for a short period, but she spent most of her working life in nursing. It’s remarkable therefore that if she did come up with this design, she was more than a match for many of the other full-time pottery designers of the period.

It is entirely feasible that Charlotte did actually come up with this pattern and it just A Rhead Fruit Setnever saw the light of day commercially. It may even have been a joint design with Dollie, who was given the honour of having her name on it. Given its background, was it possibly a present from Charlotte to Dollie, to thank her for looking after her job whilst she was away? I’d love to think this was the case!

All speculation of course, and we may never know, but it’s another new talking point. When I set this website up, it was with the intention of uncovering previously unseen patterns and sharing them, since I believe there are still many more discoveries to be made. I don’t believe this particular pattern has ever been seen before – please tell me if I’m wrong and you have a suite of it in your sideboard!

 

(With special thanks to NS at Bearnes, Hampton & Littlewood for the pictures and background information).

Where is the Burleighware?

Burleigh Ware 4347 New Vine

As someone who has bought & sold more than his fair share of Charlotte Rhead pieces, I have always wondered why examples of her  work for Burleighware are so hard to come by. Given that she was employed by Burgess & Leigh for around five years, one would expect to come across more items, yet they remain the most elusive. My question therefore, is ‘where is it all’?!

As ever, pretty much all we have to help us understand why there is this scarcity of Burleighware are the Bernard Bumpus books – there is little information elsewhere. There are clues in the books, which I’ll come on to later, but I’m hoping that by putting the question out there, we may get to learn where in the world it has ended up!

I thought it might be an interesting experiment to take a snapshot of Charlotte Rhead items currently available on eBay.co.uk, since this is probably where most pieces are bought and sold on a regular basis. Having just done this (on Sept. 23rd 2013), the results are shown below:

Pie Chart eBay

FactoryNo. of Items
Wood & Sons / Bursley Ware10
Burleighware7
AG Richardson / Crown Ducal107
HJ Wood Bursleyware41
Not Charlotte Rhead17
Total182

A simple search for ‘Charlotte Rhead’ in the Pottery, Porcelain & Glass category threw up a total of 206 items. I’ve removed the listings from the total that included things like books, Frederick Rhead pieces and the figurines produced by the likes of Kevin Francis, to leave a total of 182 individual items, calling themselves ‘Charlotte Rhead’. Perhaps unsurprisingly, given that this is eBay, 17 of them were pieces of pottery that had absolutely nothing to do with Charlotte (or indeed Frederick) – keyword spamming is alive and well! What is clear however, is that Burleighware is the least common and that the market is swamped with Crown Ducal pieces.

Whilst the Wood & Sons / Bursley Ware numbers are also low, I think this is down to people being unaware (or unsure) that items they may have are designed by Charlotte Rhead. Once the practice of having a signature on an item (facsimiled or not),  was introduced during her time at Burgess & Leigh, it naturally became easier to identify a Rhead design. The snapshot gives a great (if not surprising) insight in to just how much Crown Ducal ware is available when compared to the other factories – more than double the amount of the next most prolific, HJ Wood.

Bernard Bumpus does provide a few insights as to why Burleighware is relatively scarce; the main one being that there was a lot of focus on utility tableware, with Charlotte producing a large amount of relatively plain and simple designs for tea sets (or ‘sandwich sets’ as they were known at the time). These were often stamped with alternative marks, including for the retailer Lawleys, so it is again understandable that these items aren’t always linked to Charlotte, especially as not all items in the service carried the L Rhead facsimile signature.

We also learn from Bumpus that there were tensions behind the scenes at Burgess & Leigh, when Harold Bennett was employed as a designer in 1929 (two years into Charlotte’s time there). Whilst he was working ‘alongside’ her rather than above her, Bumpus suggests that Bennett felt a little threatened by Charlotte in terms of one of them potentially becoming the next Art Director – she was the more artistically talented, whilst he was proving most adept at turning out the utilitarian designs for tableware. This rivalry eventually led to Charlotte deciding to leave, reportedly in unhappy circumstances. Perhaps this awkward atmosphere affected production?

The wall plaques that Charlotte produced for Burgess & Leigh are among the most sought after. They were produced in limited numbers, purely down to cost, but they were also technically superior to the majority of the other items, including the decorative vases etc. Whilst the fact they are so scarce is understandable, it doesn’t really explain why everything else is so hard to come by.

So – the challenge is set. Check your Grandma’s loft and let me know if she has any of Charlotte’s Burleighware pieces………